About Obesity

Obesity: A Disease

  • Obesity is a serious, chronic disease and not a simple condition.Obesity is defined as having an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity is more than just a cosmetic concern, though. It increases your risk of diseases and health problems such as heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure.
  • Being extremely obese means you are especially likely to have health problems related to your weight.
  • The good news is that even modest weight loss can improve or prevent the health problems associated with obesity. You can usually lose weight through dietary changes, increased physical activity and behavior changes. In some cases, prescription medications or weight-loss surgery may be options.

Symptoms

Obesity is diagnosed when an individual’s body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher. Your body mass index is calculated by dividing your weight in kilograms (kg) by your height in meters (m) squared.

BMI Weight status
Below 18.5 Underweight
18.5 — 24.9 Normal
25.0 — 29.9 Overweight
30.0 and higher Obese
40.0 and higher Extreme obesity

Because BMI doesn’t directly measure body fat, some people, such as muscular athletes, may have a BMI in the obese category even though they don’t have excess body fat.

When to see a doctor

  • If you think you may be obese, and especially if you’re concerned about weight-related health problems, see your doctor or health care provider. You and your doctor can evaluate your health risks and discuss your weight-loss options. Even modest weight loss can lessen or prevent problems related to obesity. Weight loss is usually possible through dietary changes, increased physical activity and behavior changes. In some cases, prescription medications or weight-loss surgery may be options.
  • universite de montreal
  • American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery
  • mount sinai
  • Prince Mohamed bin Abdulaziz Hospital
  • International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders
  • King Khalid University Hospital
  • American Association of Bariatric Counselors
  • Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons
  • mc gill
  • Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • surgery for obesity and related diseases
  • The International College of Surgeons (ICS)
  • juniper online journal of case studies
  • Obesity Medicine
  • journal of universal surgery
  • american journal of innovative research & applied sciences
  • asian council of science editors
  • medcrave
  • APMBSS
  • insight knowledge
  •  American College of Surgeons